Lady Day

March 25th is Lady Day. This is another Marian holiday which coopted older pagan traditions — in this case the New Year celebrations which fell on 25 March before Julius Caesar shifted the Roman observance to the beginning of January. Lady Day is nine months before December 25th, so you can probably figure out what it commemorates in the Church calendar, though it is also tradition that this day is the beginning of Creation, the spring of the world. I’m not sure if that means the “Let there be light” bits or the creation of man. I rather think it might be the first lovely day of rest, the “day of picnics”, as the Crash Test Dummies named it.

The Annunciation

Through the millennia, most spring traditions in Europe have become attached to either the beginning of March or the Christian Easter. The one main remaining activity associated with Lady Day is rent collection and beating the bounds. There are processions both to mark property and collect dues. There are also hiring fairs for agricultural workers in anticipation of the planting season. However, the British did like their boundaries and rents, so these things happen on all the quarter days, not merely Lady Day.

Still, there is one story that is uniquely associated with Lady Day. I’ve seen it appear in folklore from many places around the British Isles with different characters and settings but the same narrative substance. It is similar enough to the tale of “Brigid’s Cloak” that it might be derived from her mythology.

In Brigid’s tale, she asks a miserly king for land so that she can minister to the poor and hungry. He turns her down. She then asks for just the land that she can cover with her cloak. He sneeringly agrees. Then he is astonished as four of Brigid’s acolytes grab the corners of her cloak and run in opposite directions over his best fields and orchards. He begs Brigid to stop them, to leave him some territory. Being kinder than I am, she agrees and sets up her famous abbey, Kill Dara, on the land that once was covered by her cloak. It does not say that the king was chastened, but he also seems not to have done anything else to provoke Brigid. Maybe he learned a bit of humility if not generosity.

Now, here is my version of the Lady Day story that grew later in history.

There was a woman on her deathbed. She was wife to a wealthy landowner, wealthy because he was stingy and unkind to his poorer neighbors. The Lady was always generous in her lifetime which provoked her husband, but he could say little against her because even he could see the nobility of her actions and the poverty of his own.

But now that she was bound for death, he was moved to ask if she had any remaining wishes that he might grant. Anything at all, he said, he would give in her honor. She sat up a little and smiled. 

“Yes, my husband, I do have a request. It is my wish that you set aside a portion of your lands to raise food for the poor and hungry. You have such vast holdings, it need not be a hardship to do this thing in my name. It would make me very happy to know that our neighbors are not wanting when I am gone.”

Thus exhausted from her speech, she lay down and slept.

Well, the landowner thought hard on this all night. He had agreed to her request before she made it, and he was not one to rescind his word. Yet he did not want to give up productive lands. He did not want to lose even a tithe of his income to feed people who seemingly could not take care of themselves.

In the morning he returned to his wife’s bedchamber and said, “I will grant you your wish. I will set aside land to feed the poor but on one condition. I will place a new log on the fire. What land you can walk in the time that this log burns to ash will be set aside.” So saying he placed a huge log in the fireplace and left.

Now, the Lady was indeed failing in body. Her husband knew she could hardly walk across the room, let alone walk the bounds. But inspired, she called to her servants and had them carry her to the best fields. Then she set to crawling.

Seeing her pitiful state, Lady Mary gave the woman the strength and endurance and speed of a young girl. The wife marked out over two dozen acres of the most productive land on the estate before the husband came out to announce that the log had burned away. 

Contented and tired, she had her servants carry her back to her room, giving out instructions as they went. The land was to be planted with good grain each year. The harvest was to be milled and baked into bread. And every Lady Day, the anniversary of her miracle boundary walk, this bread was to be shared out to all who hungered. By the time the small procession reached the bedchamber, the Lady was dead.

Her husband grieved and, though chagrined at the loss of his best fields, he honored her request. Every year on Lady Day a dole of bread was handed out to all. 

Lady Day bread dole

Now, it is said that there were other words spoken before the Lady died. Knowing her husband’s greed, she placed a curse on the promise. Should her bequest ever fail, should some miserly descendant not dole out bread for the hungry, then all the lands of the estate would likewise fail. 

In some versions of the story, her husband tried to stop the dole in his lifetime. In most, however, the dole continues for many generations until one day a descendant decides that his want of wealth supersedes the bequest of a long-dead ancestor or the hunger of his neighbors. 

In all stories, the curse comes terribly to life when the dole is halted. The estate fields produce no grain; the orchards are blighted and withered; the gardens produce neither bounty nor beauty; the livestock die of wasting diseases, leaving rotting carcasses in the abandoned pastures. The ancient manor house falls — sometimes to fire, sometimes to flood, sometimes to causes beyond nature. The family line fails, and the last miserly descendant dies alone in a crumbling world of his own making.

©Elizabeth Anker 2022